The National Institutes of Health says it intends to award as much as $12 million in funding over the next three years to research groups developing novel nucleic acid sequencing technologies.

In September it will begin accepting grant applications related to the development of technologies that enable at least one order of magnitude improvement in DNA sequencing, as well as practical methods for direct RNA sequencing.

“Advances in genomics and more broadly in biomedical research have been greatly facilitated by significant and sustained DNA sequencing throughput increases and cost decreases,” the NIH said. “The goal now is to improve the quality and efficiency of DNA sequencing and enable direct RNA sequencing at reasonable costs.”